As an independent country, the United States could make it's own treaties (or agreements) with other countries, but also it had to fight and fund its own wars.
As you may know from the previous section, the United States stattttes started as 13 colonies located in the east part of present-day US. In 1803, France, who had territory in present-day US, sold over 800,000 square miles of land to the United States. This is known as the Lousiana Purchase. This doubled the size of the United States and remains the largest acquisition of land in American history.
The United States was also involved in a few wars. Most of these were with other countries except one, the Civil War.
- War of 1812: against Great Britain because they were seizing American ships and arming Native Americans; the US won.
- Mexican-American War: against Mexico because the United States wanted land claimed by Mexico; the US won and gained present-day Texas, California, Arizona, Colorado, and a few other states.
- Civil War: against one another (North fought South) because of slavery, economic reasons, and states' rights; the norther states won and the US remained one.
- Spanish-American War: against the Spanish because the US wanted Cuba to become independent from Spain since it had economic interests in Cuba; US won and got to keep Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines as territories.
Abraham Lincoln: he was President and led the country during the Civil War. In addition he freed the slaves and saved the Union.
Susan B. Anthony: she was an activist that fought for women's rights and civil rights.
Emancipaion Proclamation: freed the slaves in the Southern states
Quiz on History: 1800s